18 Luhya Sub-tribes and why they matter.

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Do you know all the Luhya sub-tribes? If No, don't worry, here is the list of 18 Luhya Sub-tribes.
What is your Sub-tribe? What about your clan?
  1. Kisa
  2. Marama
  3. Batsotso
  4. Maragoli
  5. Idakho
  6. Bukusu
  7. Wanga
  8. Kabras
  9. Banyole
  10. Bakhayo
  11. Banyala Ba Ndombi
  12. Banyala Ba Busia
  13. Samia
  14. Bamarachi
  15. Tiriki
  16. Isukha
  17. Tachoni
  18. Batura
We will discuss them further here below:
1.Kisa
The Kisa is also known as the Abakisa or Abashisha. They live in the Khwisero district and speak in a dialect known as Olushisa. The clans of the Kisa include the following; Ababoli, Abakambuli, Abakhobole, Abakwabi, Abamurono, Abaruli, Abashirotsa, Abalukulu, Abamanyulia, Abashirandu, Abamatundu, Abachero, and abalakayi among others.


2.Marama
The Marama live mainly in districts of Butere. They speak in Lumarama dialect. Some of the clans of Marama include but not limited to; Abashitsaha, Abacheya, Abatere, Abashirotsa, Abamukhula, Aberecheya, Abamumbia, Abamatundu, Abanyukhu, Abakhuli, Abakokho, Abashieni, Abamani, Abashikalie, Abakara, and Abatsotse.

3.Batsotso
The Tsotso live in the western part of Kakamega and speak in a dialect known as Olutsotse. The major clans of the tsotso include; Abamweche, Abashisiru, Abashibo, and Abangonya.

4.Maragoli
The Maragoli are among the hugely populated sub tribes of the Luhya. They occupy Vihiga region and speak in the Lulogooli dialect. The clans of the Maragoli include but not limited to; Avasanga, Avagitsunda, Avamumbaya, Avamuzuzu, Avamasingira, Avamaseero, Avasaali, Avakizungu, Avagamuguywa, Avasaki, Avamageza, Avagizenbwa, Avakirima, Avamaabi, Avamutembe, Avayonga, Avasaniaga, Avakebembe, Avagonda, Avanoondi, Avalogovo, Avasweta, Avaliero, and Avavurugi.

5.Idakho
The Idakho live in the southern region of Kakamega County. The dialect of the Idakho is called Lwidakho. The Idakho like most Luhyia sub tribes practices circumcision of the males as a rite of passage from childhood to adulthood.

Some of the clans of the Idakho include; Abangolori, Abamahani, Abamusali, Abamuhali, Abashimuli, Abashikulu, Abashiangala, Abamasaba, Bakobe, Bakase, Bakhubi, Bashitsiula, Bamahani and Babwanishili.

The Idakho people is one of the Luhya sub tribes known for amazing cultural practices like the Isikhuti dance. Other activities that the Idakho people involve in include pot making, and gold digging along River Yala and Sigalagala.

6.Bukusu
The Bukusu is one of the largest Luhya sub tribes of Kenya. The Bukusu live in Bungoma and Mount Elgon region. They speak Lubukusu and practice circumcision as a rite of passage from childhood to adulthood. The Bukusu myth of origin states that their god, known as Wele Kakhaba created the first humans Mwambu and Sela who gave rise to the entire tribe. The Bukusu has so many clans. A clan constitutes a people of common ancestry. These Clans include; Batura, Bamalaba, Banywaka,Banyangali, Bamwale, Bakikayi, Bhatasama, Bhakiyabi, Basirikwa, Baechale, Bhatemlani, Bhasakha, Baechalo, Bakibeti, Bakikai, Bhakitang’a, Bakhisa, Bamwayi Bamwaya, Baluleti, Babasaba, Bang’oma, Basakali, Bakhurarwa, Bakamukong’I, Bakiabi, Baliuli, Batilu, Bakhurarwa, Bamuki, Bakhona, Bakhone, Bakimwei, Bakoi, Bameme, and Basombi among others. Shadrack Amakoye Bulimo lists all the clans of the Bukusu in his book: Luyia Nation: Origins, Clans, and Taboos, you can grab the book know all there is to be known about the Bukusu.
7.Wanga
The Wanga speak the Oluwanga dialect and live in Matungu and Mumias districts. The Wanga was under the rulership of Nabongo Mumia and being a clan with twenty-two clans; it was a sub tribe that was fortified in both food resource and security. The clans of the Wanga include; Ababule ,Abamulembwa, Abashitsetse, Abakolwe, Abalibo, Abang’ayo, Abaleka, Abachero, Ababonwe, Abatsoye, Abamurono, Abashieni, Abakulubi, Abang’ale, Abambatsa, Abashibe, Abakhami, Ababere, Abamwende, Abamwima, Abashikawa, and Abamuniafu.

8.Kabras

The Kabras occupies the northern region of Kakamega district. Their language is Lukabarasi, a dialect that sounds nearly the same as the Tachoni dialect. The Kabras split from the Banyala sub tribe. Today, they occupy Malava in Kabras division in Kakamega County. The Kabras are living between three other sub tribes; Tachoni, Isukha, and Banyala. You would think that they derived the name from the division they live in, but the word ‘Kabras’ has a deeper meaning. The word is derived from Avalasi, a word that means ‘Mighty Hunters’ or ‘Warriors.’ This name denotes the fierceness of the Kabras people as they engaged in endless battles with the Nandi community for cattle and pastures. It is believed that they lost their numbers to these fights and that is why they are among the fewer Luhya sub tribes by numbers as compared to the Bukusu and the Maragoli. One interesting belief that he Kabras hold dearly is that they are the descendants of Nagwiro who is linked with Nimrod of the bible. Any Kabras would state this claim as a matter of fact, and the claim is enunciated with religious reverence, and pride of belonging. Some of the Kabras clans include, but not limited to; Abakhusia, Bamachina, Abamutama, Basonje, Baluu, Batobo, Bamakangala, Abamutsembi, Bachetsi, and Abashu. Nabongo Mumia of the Wanga was the ruler of the Kabras. A Kabras elder represented them at the council of elders and saw to it that they got what every other sub tribe under the ruler got. The most known elder to have represented the Kabras in the council of elders was Soita Libukana Samaramarami. Soita came from Lwichi village located in Central Kabras not far from Chegulo market. The Kabras are among the Luhya sub tribes who welcome Arthur Chilson, a missionary who established Quakers missionary churches that were christened Friends Church. The missionary lived among them and even had his children speaking in Kabras. This happening showed another side of the Kabras who were believed to be fierce; they could also be hospitable.

9.Banyole
The Banyole occupies Bunyore region in Vihiga. They speak in a dialect known as Olunyole. Som eof the clans of the Nyole are; Abamutete, Abakanga, Abayangu, Abamukunzi, Abanangwe, Abasiloli, Abasiralo, Abalonga, Aberranyi, Abatongoi, Abasikhale, Ab’bayi, Abakhaya, Abamang’ali, Abasubi (Abasyubi), Abasakami, Abamuli, Abasiratsi, and Abasiekwe. 12. The Tiriki.

10.Bakhayo
The Khayo sub-tribe occupy the Matayos Divison in Busia county and Nambale District. The Khayo speak in a language known as Lukhayo. Some of the clans in the Khayo sub-tribe include; Abasota, Abakhabi, Abaguuri.

11.Banyala Ba Ndombi and 12.Banyala Ba Busia
The Nyala occupy Busia County and speak Lunyala. Other Nyala can also be found in Kakamega in the North-West region. The Nyala groups who occupy Kakamega are known as the Abanyala ba Kakamega. Though the Banyala of Kakamega might be living in a different location, they speak the same dialect as the Banyala of Busia. In fact, the Banyala of Kakamega lived in Busia before being led to Kakamega by a leader called Mukhamba.

Mukhamba was a revered leader among the Abanyala ba Kakamega, but he is not the only notable leader as they also had a colonial chief known as Ndombi wa Namusia who was a very powerful political figure who was entrusted with political and social affairs of his people until he was succeeded by his son known as Andrea.

The clans within the Banyala include; Abahafu, Ababenge, Abayisa, Abayundo, Abachimba, Abadavani, Abasiondo, Abachende, Abaengere, Abakangala, Abayaya, Abayirifuma, Abakhubichi, Abakoye, Abaumwo, Abacharia, Abakwangwachi, Abalanda, Abaucha, Abauma, Abalecha, Abalindo, Abasuu, Abatecho, Abamani, Abalindavyoki, Abasumba, Abasonge, Abamisoho, Abamuchuu, Abasia, Abasiloli, Abamugi, Abamulembo, Abasakwa, Abasaya, Abamani, Abaokho, Abasaacha, Abamwaya, and Abasenya. Since the clans share a common ancestry, it is a taboo for a Banyala to marry from the same clan.

13.Samia
The Samia lives majorly in the southern parts of Busia District, currently, Busia County. Part of the Samia occupies Eastern Uganda. The main economic activities of the Samia are fishing in Lake Victoria, crop farming, and animal rearing. The Samia value music and most of their ceremonies are punctuated by cultural songs and folklore. Among the many clans of the Samia are; Abalala, Abadongo, Abatabona, Abasonga, Ababuri, Abakhulo, Ababukaki, and Abakangala.

14.Bamarachi
The Marachi speak Lumarachi and live in Butula in Busia County. The Marachi trace their ancestry from Ng’ono Mwami’s father who was also known as Marachi, the son of Musebe. Musebe was the son of Sirikwa. The Marachi were a fierce people who fought the Luo of Jok Omollo who were expanding to exercise control of Nzoia and Sio Rivers. The Marachi won the war and gained control of port Victoria and Sio Port. They use these ports as fishing grounds. Some of the Marachi clans include; Ababere, Abade, Abasubo, Abafofoyo, Abamuchama, Abang’ayo, Ababule, Abatelia, Abapwati, Abasumia, Abarano, Abamutu, Ababonwe, Abamucheka, Abaliba, Ababirang’u, Abakolwe , Abatula, Abamurono, Abasimalwa, Abakwera, Abakolwe, Abamalele, and Abamulembo among others.

15.Tiriki
Like their name suggests, the Tiriki occupy the Tiriki region in Vihiga. The Tiriki speak a Ludiliji dialect. Some of the clans in of the Tiriki are; Balukhoba, Baguga, Basuba Baumbo, Bamabi, Badura, Bamuli, Barimuli, Basianiga, Balukhombe, Bamiluha, Bashisungu, and Bajisinde.

16.Isukha
The list of Luhya sub tribes wouldn’t be complete without mentioning the Isukha. The Isukha occupies the eastern part of Kakamega County and is also known for the Isikhuti dance. Some of the clans in Isukha include; the Abakusi, Abakondi, Abamwilonje, and the Abamahalia.

17.Tachoni
The Tachoni occupies Bungoma, Lugari and Malava regions. They speak in the Lutachoni dialect. Some of the clans of the Tachoni includes; Abasioya, Abaviya,Abasang’alo, Abangachi, Abatecho, Abachambai, Abamarakalu, and Abaengele. Other Tachoni clans include the Saniak that occupies Tanzania and Saniaga clan living among the Maragoli of Kenya.
18.Batura
Abatura Speak Olutura and are found in the three Mulembe counties of Kkmga, Busia, and Bungoma. Their main clans are Bakhauka, for a lady Nakhauka, who are mainly found in Khasoko area of Bungoma County. Bakhibe, for alady again Nashibe , found partly in Mungore nd Namatotoa again in Bungoma County. Bamutiru, for alady Namutiru are found in both Lung'anyiro nd Nanyeni Sublocations of Koyonzo location and ward in Matungu Constituency, Lastly, we have the Batsoye, for a lady Nabatsoye who are found in the following sublocations of Matungu sub-county. Munami, Mirere, Namamali, Lung'anyiro, Nanyeni, Musamba, Khalaba, and Namulungu sublocations.lt should also be noted that Bashibe are also found in Mirere and Koyonzo Sublocations.
 
Last edited:

Moses Jymonge

New member
Do you know all the Luhya sub-tribes? If No, don't worry, here is the list of 18 Luhya Sub-tribes.
What is your Sub-tribe? What about your clan?
  1. Kisa
  2. Marama
  3. Batsotso
  4. Maragoli
  5. Idakho
  6. Bukusu
  7. Wanga
  8. Kabras
  9. Banyole
  10. Bakhayo
  11. Banyala Ba Ndombi
  12. Banyala Ba Busia
  13. Samia
  14. Bamarachi
  15. Tiriki
  16. Isukha
  17. Tachoni
  18. Batura
We will discuss them further here below:
1.Kisa
The Kisa is also known as the Abakisa or Abashisha. They live in the Khwisero district and speak in a dialect known as Olushisa. The clans of the Kisa include the following; Ababoli, Abakambuli, Abakhobole, Abakwabi, Abamurono, Abaruli, Abashirotsa, Abalukulu, Abamanyulia, Abashirandu, Abamatundu, Abachero, and abalakayi among others.


2.Marama
The Marama live mainly in districts of Butere. They speak in Lumarama dialect. Some of the clans of Marama include but not limited to; Abashitsaha, Abacheya, Abatere, Abashirotsa, Abamukhula, Aberecheya, Abamumbia, Abamatundu, Abanyukhu, Abakhuli, Abakokho, Abashieni, Abamani, Abashikalie, Abakara, and Abatsotse.

3.Batsotso
The Tsotso live in the western part of Kakamega and speak in a dialect known as Olutsotse. The major clans of the tsotso include; Abamweche, Abashisiru, Abashibo, and Abangonya.

4.Maragoli
The Maragoli are among the hugely populated sub tribes of the Luhya. They occupy Vihiga region and speak in the Lulogooli dialect. The clans of the Maragoli include but not limited to; Avasanga, Avagitsunda, Avamumbaya, Avamuzuzu, Avamasingira, Avamaseero, Avasaali, Avakizungu, Avagamuguywa, Avasaki, Avamageza, Avagizenbwa, Avakirima, Avamaabi, Avamutembe, Avayonga, Avasaniaga, Avakebembe, Avagonda, Avanoondi, Avalogovo, Avasweta, Avaliero, and Avavurugi.

5.Idakho
The Idakho live in the southern region of Kakamega County. The dialect of the Idakho is called Lwidakho. The Idakho like most Luhyia sub tribes practices circumcision of the males as a rite of passage from childhood to adulthood. Some of the clans of the Idakho include; Abangolori, Abamahani, Abamusali, Abamuhali, Abashimuli, Abashikulu, Abashiangala and Abamasaba. The Idakho people is one of the Luhya sub tribes known for amazing cultural practices like the Isikhuti dance. Other activities that the Idakho people involve in include pot making, and gold digging along River Yala and Sigalagala.

6.Bukusu
The Bukusu is one of the largest Luhya sub tribes of Kenya. The Bukusu live in Bungoma and Mount Elgon region. They speak Lubukusu and practice circumcision as a rite of passage from childhood to adulthood. The Bukusu myth of origin states that their god, known as Wele Kakhaba created the first humans Mwambu and Sela who gave rise to the entire tribe. The Bukusu has so many clans. A clan constitutes a people of common ancestry. These Clans include; Batura, Bamalaba, Banywaka,Banyangali, Bamwale, Bakikayi, Bhatasama, Bhakiyabi, Basirikwa, Baechale, Bhatemlani, Bhasakha, Baechalo, Bakibeti, Bakikai, Bhakitang’a, Bakhisa, Bamwayi Bamwaya, Baluleti, Babasaba, Bang’oma, Basakali, Bakhurarwa, Bakamukong’I, Bakiabi, Baliuli, Batilu, Bakhurarwa, Bamuki, Bakhona, Bakhone, Bakimwei, Bakoi, Bameme, and Basombi among others. Shadrack Amakoye Bulimo lists all the clans of the Bukusu in his book: Luyia Nation: Origins, Clans, and Taboos, you can grab the book know all there is to be known about the Bukusu.
7.Wanga
The Wanga speak the Oluwanga dialect and live in Matungu and Mumias districts. The Wanga was under the rulership of Nabongo Mumia and being a clan with twenty-two clans; it was a sub tribe that was fortified in both food resource and security. The clans of the Wanga include; Ababule ,Abamulembwa, Abashitsetse, Abakolwe, Abalibo, Abang’ayo, Abaleka, Abachero, Ababonwe, Abatsoye, Abamurono, Abashieni, Abakulubi, Abang’ale, Abambatsa, Abashibe, Abakhami, Ababere, Abamwende, Abamwima, Abashikawa, and Abamuniafu.

8.Kabras

The Kabras occupies the northern region of Kakamega district. Their language is Lukabarasi, a dialect that sounds nearly the same as the Tachoni dialect. The Kabras split from the Banyala sub tribe. Today, they occupy Malava in Kabras division in Kakamega County. The Kabras are living between three other sub tribes; Tachoni, Isukha, and Banyala. You would think that they derived the name from the division they live in, but the word ‘Kabras’ has a deeper meaning. The word is derived from Avalasi, a word that means ‘Mighty Hunters’ or ‘Warriors.’ This name denotes the fierceness of the Kabras people as they engaged in endless battles with the Nandi community for cattle and pastures. It is believed that they lost their numbers to these fights and that is why they are among the fewer Luhya sub tribes by numbers as compared to the Bukusu and the Maragoli. One interesting belief that he Kabras hold dearly is that they are the descendants of Nagwiro who is linked with Nimrod of the bible. Any Kabras would state this claim as a matter of fact, and the claim is enunciated with religious reverence, and pride of belonging. Some of the Kabras clans include, but not limited to; Abakhusia, Bamachina, Abamutama, Basonje, Baluu, Batobo, Bamakangala, Abamutsembi, Bachetsi, and Abashu. Nabongo Mumia of the Wanga was the ruler of the Kabras. A Kabras elder represented them at the council of elders and saw to it that they got what every other sub tribe under the ruler got. The most known elder to have represented the Kabras in the council of elders was Soita Libukana Samaramarami. Soita came from Lwichi village located in Central Kabras not far from Chegulo market. The Kabras are among the Luhya sub tribes who welcome Arthur Chilson, a missionary who established Quakers missionary churches that were christened Friends Church. The missionary lived among them and even had his children speaking in Kabras. This happening showed another side of the Kabras who were believed to be fierce; they could also be hospitable.

9.Banyole
The Banyole occupies Bunyore region in Vihiga. They speak in a dialect known as Olunyole. Som eof the clans of the Nyole are; Abamutete, Abakanga, Abayangu, Abamukunzi, Abanangwe, Abasiloli, Abasiralo, Abalonga, Aberranyi, Abatongoi, Abasikhale, Ab’bayi, Abakhaya, Abamang’ali, Abasubi (Abasyubi), Abasakami, Abamuli, Abasiratsi, and Abasiekwe. 12. The Tiriki.

10.Bakhayo
The Khayo sub-tribe occupy the Matayos Divison in Busia county and Nambale District. The Khayo speak in a language known as Lukhayo. Some of the clans in the Khayo sub-tribe include; Abasota, Abakhabi, Abaguuri.

11.Banyala Ba Ndombi and 12.Banyala Ba Busia
The Nyala occupy Busia County and speak Lunyala. Other Nyala can also be found in Kakamega in the North-West region. The Nyala groups who occupy Kakamega are known as the Abanyala ba Kakamega. Though the Banyala of Kakamega might be living in a different location, they speak the same dialect as the Banyala of Busia. In fact, the Banyala of Kakamega lived in Busia before being led to Kakamega by a leader called Mukhamba.

Mukhamba was a revered leader among the Abanyala ba Kakamega, but he is not the only notable leader as they also had a colonial chief known as Ndombi wa Namusia who was a very powerful political figure who was entrusted with political and social affairs of his people until he was succeeded by his son known as Andrea.

The clans within the Banyala include; Abahafu, Ababenge, Abayisa, Abayundo, Abachimba, Abadavani, Abasiondo, Abachende, Abaengere, Abakangala, Abayaya, Abayirifuma, Abakhubichi, Abakoye, Abaumwo, Abacharia, Abakwangwachi, Abalanda, Abaucha, Abauma, Abalecha, Abalindo, Abasuu, Abatecho, Abamani, Abalindavyoki, Abasumba, Abasonge, Abamisoho, Abamuchuu, Abasia, Abasiloli, Abamugi, Abamulembo, Abasakwa, Abasaya, Abamani, Abaokho, Abasaacha, Abamwaya, and Abasenya. Since the clans share a common ancestry, it is a taboo for a Banyala to marry from the same clan.

13.Samia
The Samia lives majorly in the southern parts of Busia District, currently, Busia County. Part of the Samia occupies Eastern Uganda. The main economic activities of the Samia are fishing in Lake Victoria, crop farming, and animal rearing. The Samia value music and most of their ceremonies are punctuated by cultural songs and folklore. Among the many clans of the Samia are; Abalala, Abadongo, Abatabona, Abasonga, Ababuri, Abakhulo, Ababukaki, and Abakangala.

14.Bamarachi
The Marachi speak Lumarachi and live in Butula in Busia County. The Marachi trace their ancestry from Ng’ono Mwami’s father who was also known as Marachi, the son of Musebe. Musebe was the son of Sirikwa. The Marachi were a fierce people who fought the Luo of Jok Omollo who were expanding to exercise control of Nzoia and Sio Rivers. The Marachi won the war and gained control of port Victoria and Sio Port. They use these ports as fishing grounds. Some of the Marachi clans include; Ababere, Abade, Abasubo, Abafofoyo, Abamuchama, Abang’ayo, Ababule, Abatelia, Abapwati, Abasumia, Abarano, Abamutu, Ababonwe, Abamucheka, Abaliba, Ababirang’u, Abakolwe , Abatula, Abamurono, Abasimalwa, Abakwera, Abakolwe, Abamalele, and Abamulembo among others.

15.Tiriki
Like their name suggests, the Tiriki occupy the Tiriki region in Vihiga. The Tiriki speak a Ludiliji dialect. Some of the clans in of the Tiriki are; Balukhoba, Baguga, Basuba Baumbo, Bamabi, Badura, Bamuli, Barimuli, Basianiga, Balukhombe, Bamiluha, Bashisungu, and Bajisinde.

16.Isukha
The list of Luhya sub tribes wouldn’t be complete without mentioning the Isukha. The Isukha occupies the eastern part of Kakamega County and is also known for the Isikhuti dance. Some of the clans in Isukha include; the Abakusi, Abakondi, Abamwilonje, and the Abamahalia.

17.Tachoni
The Tachoni occupies Bungoma, Lugari and Malava regions. They speak in the Lutachoni dialect. Some of the clans of the Tachoni includes; Abasioya, Abaviya,Abasang’alo, Abangachi, Abatecho, Abachambai, Abamarakalu, and Abaengele. Other Tachoni clans include the Saniak that occupies Tanzania and Saniaga clan living among the Maragoli of Kenya.
18.Batura
Abatura Speak Olutura and are found in the three Mulembe counties of Kkmga, Busia, and Bungoma. Their main clans are Bakhauka, for a lady Nakhauka, who are mainly found in Khasoko area of Bungoma County. Bakhibe, for alady again Nashibe , found partly in Mungore nd Namatotoa again in Bungoma County. Bamutiru, for alady Namutiru are found in both Lung'anyiro nd Nanyeni Sublocations of Koyonzo location and ward in Matungu Constituency, Lastly, we have the Batsoye, for a lady Nabatsoye who are found in the following sublocations of Matungu sub-county. Munami, Mirere, Namamali, Lung'anyiro, Nanyeni, Musamba, Khalaba, and Namulungu sublocations.lt should also be noted that Bashibe are also found in Mirere and Koyonzo Sublocations.
Thank you for the detailed article. But the subtribes for Idakho should be more than the ones listed. Tuko wengi sana.
 

Milton Marango

New member
If we have all these over 600 sub clans, why are we not able to put someone on the helm? We should come up with a representative from each of the 18 sub tribes. People who can truly unite luhyas and make us vote as a block. Like the Kikuyus do.

Once we have them onboard, we can establish a bigger and stronger socio-political stand come 2022. We should not just be swayed here and there like puppets!
 

Omusiani

New member
I think we had some Abanyala in Busia, there arose a conflict amongst them and someone called Chief Ndombi migrated with some Banyalas to Kakamega in Navakholo and settled there. As years have moved by those in Busia and Kakamega have become different in regards to language, Traditions etc .
 

Kilasi Moses

New member
LUHYA CLANS:
1. The Bukusu speak Lubukusu and occupy Bungoma and Mount Elgon districts. The clans of the Bukusu include the Batura, Bamalaba, Bamwale, Bakikayi, Basirikwa, Baechale, Baechalo, Bakibeti, Bakhisa, Bamwayi Bamwaya, Bang'oma, Basakali, Bakiabi, Baliuli, Bamuki, Bakhona, Bakoi, Bameme, Basombi, Bakwangwa, Babutu (descendants of Mubutu also found in Congo), Bakhoone, Baengele (originally Banyala), Balonja, Batukwika, Baboya, Baala, Balako, Basaba, Babuya, Barefu, Bamusomi, Batecho, Baafu, Babichachi, Bamula, Balunda, Babulo, Bafumo, Bayemba, Baemba, Bayaya, Baleyi, Baembo, Bamukongi, Babeti, Baunga, Bakuta, Balisa, Balukulu, Balwonja, Bamalicha, Bamukoya, Bamuna, Bamutiru, Bayonga, Bamang'ali, Basefu, Basekese, Basenya, Basime, Basimisi, Basibanjo, Basonge, Batakhwe, Batecho, Bachemayi, Bachemwile, Bauma, Baumbu, Bakhoma, Bakhonjo, Bakhwami, Bakhulaluwa, Baundo, Bachemuluku, Bafisi, Bakobolo, Bamatiri, Bamakhuli, Bameywa, Bahongo, Basamo, Basang'alo, Basianaga, Basioya, Bachambayi, Bangachi, Babiya, Baande, Bakhone, Bakimwei, Batilu, Bakhurarwa, Bakamukong'i, Baluleti, Babasaba, Bakikai, Bhakitang'a, Bhatemlani, Bhasakha, Bhatasama, Bhakiyabi, Banywaka, etc.

2. The Samia speak Lusamia and occupy Southern Region of Busia District (Busia county), Kenya. The clans of the Samia include the Abatabona, Abadongo, Abakhulo, Abakangala, Abasonga, Ababukaki, Ababuri, Abalala,

3. The Khayo speak Lukhayo and occupy Nambale District and Matayos Division of Busia County, Kenya. Khayo clans include the Abaguuri, Abasota, Abakhabi.

4. The Marachi speak Lumarachi and occupy Butula District in Busia county. Marachi clans include Ababere,Abafofoyo, Abamuchama, Abatula, Abamurono, Abang'ayo, Ababule, Abamulembo,Abatelia, Abapwati, Abasumia, Abarano, Abasimalwa, Abakwera, Abamutu, Abamalele, Abakolwe, Ababonwe,Abamucheka,Abaliba,Ababirang'u,Abakolwe,Abade. Abasubo.The name Marachi is derived from Ng'ono Mwami's father who was called Marachi son of Musebe,the son of Sirikwa.So all the Marachi clans owed their allegiance to Ng'ono Mwami from whose lineage of Ababere clan they were founded.The name Marachi was given further impetus by the war-like lifestyle of the descendants of Ng'ono who ruthlessly fought off the Luo expansion of the Jok Omollo a nilotic group that sought to control the Nzoia and Sio Rivers in the area and the fishing grounds around the gulf of Erukala and Ebusijo-modern Port Victoria and Sio Port respectively.

5. The Nyala speak Lunyala and occupy Busia District. Other Nyala (Abanyala ba Kakamega) occupy ```the north western part of Kakamega District. The Banyala of Kakamega are said to have migrated from Busia with a leader known as Mukhamba. They speak the same dialect as the Banyala of Busia, save for minor differences in pronunciation. The Banyala of Kakamega are also known as Abanyala ba Ndombi. They reside in Navakholo Division North of Kakamega forest. Their one time powerful colonial chief was Ndombi wa Namusia. Chief Ndombi was succeeded by his son, Andrea``` .

Andrea was succeeded by Paulo Udoto, Mukopi, Wanjala, Barasa Ongeti, Matayo Oyalo and Muterwa in that order.

The clans of the Banyala include Abahafu, Ababenge, Abachimba, Abadavani, Abaengere, Abakangala, Abakhubichi, Abakoye, Abakwangwachi, Abalanda, Abalecha, Abalindo, Abamani, Abalindavyoki, Abamisoho, Abamuchuu, Abamugi, Abamulembo, Abamwaya, Abamani, Abaokho, Abasaacha, Abasakwa, Abasaya, Abasenya, Abasia, Abasiloli, Abasonge (also found among Kabras), Abasumba, Abasuu, Abatecho (also found among Bukusu), Abaucha, Abauma, Abaumwo, Abacharia, Abayaya, Abayirifuma (also found among Tachoni), Abayisa, Abayundo and Abasiondo, Abachende.

The Banyala do not intermarry with someone from the same clan.

6. The Kabras speak Lukabarasi and occupy the northern part of Kakamega district. The Kabras were originally Banyala. They reside principally in Malava, in Kabras Division of Kakamega district. The Kabras (or Kabarasi, Kavalasi and Kabalasi) are sandwiched by the Isukha, Banyala and the Tachoni.

The name "Kabras" comes from Avalasi which means 'Warriors' or 'Mighty Hunters.' They were fierce warriors who fought with the neighbouring Nandi for cattle and were known to be fearless. This explains why they are generally fewer in number compared to other Luhya tribes such as the Maragoli and Bukusu.

They claim to be descendants of Nangwiro associated with the Biblical Nimrod. The Kabras dialect sounds like the Tachoni dialect. Kabras clans include the Abamutama, Basonje, Abakhusia, Bamachina, Abashu, Abamutsembi, Baluu, Batobo, Bachetsi and Bamakangala. They were named after the heads of the families.

The Kabras were under the rulership of Nabongo Mumia of the Wanga and were represented by an elder in his Council of Elders. The last known elder was Soita Libukana Samaramarami of Lwichi village, Central Kabras, near Chegulo market. When the Quaker missionaries spread to Kabras they established the Friends Church (Quakers) through a missionary by the name of Arthur Chilson, who had started the church in Kaimosi, in Tiriki. He earned a local name, Shikanga, and his children learned to speak Kabras as they lived and interacted with the local children.

7. The Tsotso speak Olutsotso and occupy the western part of Kakamega district. Tsotso clans include the Abangonya,Abashisiru,Abamweche,Abashibo,

8. The Idakho speak Lwidakho and occupy the southern part of Kakamega district. Their clans include the Abashimuli, Abashikulu, Abamasaba, Abashiangala, Abamusali, Abangolori, Abamahani, Abamuhali.

9. The Isukha speak Lwisukha and occupy the eastern part of Kakamega district. Isukha clans include the Abamwilonje, the Abakusi, Abakondi, and the Abamahalia.

10. The Maragoli speak Lulogooli and occupy Vihiga district. Maragoli clans include Avamumbaya, Avamuzuzu, Avasaali, Avakizungu, Avavurugi, Avakirima, Avamaabi, Avanoondi, Avalogovo, Avagonda, Avamutembe, Avasweta, Avamageza, Avagizenbwa, Avaliero, Avasaniaga, Avakebembe, Avayonga, Avagamuguywa, Avasaki, Avamasingira, Avamaseero, Avasanga,Avagitsunda.

11. The Nyole speak Olunyole and occupy Bunyore in Vihiga district. Nyole clans include Abakanga, Abayangu, Abasiekwe, Abatongoi, Abasikhale, Aberanyi, Abasakami, Abamuli, Abasubi (Abasyubi), Abasiralo, Abalonga, Abasiratsi. Abamang’ali, Abanangwe, Abasiloli, Ab’bayi, Abakhaya, Abamukunzi and Abamutete.

12. The Tiriki speak Ludiliji and occupy Tiriki in Vihiga district. Tiriki clans include Balukhoba, Bajisinde, Baumbo, Bashisungu, Bamabi, Bamiluha, Balukhombe, Badura, Bamuli, Barimuli, Baguga, Basianiga and Basuba.

13. The Wanga speak Oluwanga and occupy Mumias and Matungu Districts. The 22 Wanga clans are Abashitsetse, Abakolwe, Abaleka, Abachero, Abashikawa, Abamurono, Abashieni, Abamwima, Abamuniafu, Abambatsa, Abashibe, Ababere, Abamwende, Abakhami, Abakulubi, Abang’ale, Ababonwe, Abatsoye, Abalibo, Abang’ayo, Ababule and Abamulembwa.

14. The Marama speak Lumarama and occupy Butere district. Marama clans include Abamukhula, Abatere, Abashirotsa, Abatsotse, Aberecheya, Abamumbia, Abakhuli, Abakokho, Abakara, Abamatundu, Abamani, Abashieni, Abanyukhu, Abashikalie, Abashitsaha, Abacheya, etc.[10]

15. The Kisa speak Olushisa and occupy Khwisero district. Kisa clans include Ababoli, Abakambuli, Abachero, abalakayi, Abakhobole, Abakwabi, Abamurono, Abamanyulia, Abaruli, Abashirandu, Abamatundu, Abashirotsa, Abalukulu etc.

16. The Tachoni speak Lutachoni and occupy Lugari, Bungoma and Malava districts. Tachoni clans include Abachambai, Abamarakalu, Abasang'alo, Abangachi, Abasioya, Abaviya, Abatecho, Abaengele. The Saniaga clan found among the Maragoli in Kenya and the Saniak in Tanzania are said to have originally been Tachoni.

Other clans said to have been Tachoni are the Bangachi found among Bagisu of Uganda, and Balugulu, also found in Uganda and the Bailifuma, found among the Banyala.

Although Trans Nzoia is in the Rift Valley province, substantial Luhya populations settled in the Kitale Area. I thought you should know. 🤓
 

David Silali

New member
The banyala migrated from Wishitema or basically Uganda to port Victoria. Ideally should be due to war with baganda.

If you remember not many years ago, around this decade, there was a street war in Kampala between the Banyala & Baganda when kabaka wanted to visit the Bunyala region claiming it's his. The Banyala refused recolonisation. Now those who understand buganda politics, never touch Kabaka -vely in hearing of aMuganda. So war erupted. People died despite police intervention.

From port some war erupted too. Majorly from aTeso. They moved further. In each movement some moved in different direction. Fortunately clans help trace.

So the Banyala of port & aBasamia understand the aBanyala of JK when they speak than other luhya subtribe. They ideally belong to one team from Uganda. My dad has documented.

In kakamega county, the coloniser came. The Banyala, like the bukusu, resisted. They died. Mumia being the regional ruler, appointed Ndombi wa Namusia (enono ya ngina) as chief. The guy was brutally cruel. Eg if your wife was cute, he send askaris to beat you & tie you on eSiaki. Your wife was taken away to be his. Many banyala crossed the Nzoia & became subjects of Nato, a more humble ruler. That is why some of us prefer the term aBanyala baMukhamba than aBanyala ba Ndombi. Actually some old men say rumor was rife than Chief Ndombi was not aMunyala except for the mother (from Basia clan). He was a Nubi. You all know nubis were brought by British because of militancy. They were the askaris. I guess they guarded chiefs like Mumia. Ever wondered y Qantas love that ka cylindrical kakofia?usually red with uyefwe on it with 😝? Naturally soldiers living far sample the local "sugar cane". So Ndombi became. That is why he referred himself as Ndombi wa Namusia. People wondered then who is the dad? That's a riddle some haven't unraveled to-date.

So just like Batura, most bukusus are banyala ba mukhamba. Example; Wamalwa kijana was a bukusu from Baengele (thou adapted from sabaot to be honestg, Weta is aMusonge, we have batecho etc. If you add the riddle of Batura then Bukusus are sooo few. Ofcourse it's no secrete Kombo is Malawian. Babukusu say "lirango lienjofu". Ie big to absorb foreigners. Think of it, even kyuks in bungoma speak kibukusu. Tranzoia people speak kibukusu. All their accents is lubukusu.


Further to the riddle of Batura, they too ideally are Banyala. Ideally, abanyala baMukhamba should be occupying the matungu area around Koyonzo junction where aBatura are. They were systematically & unhappily moved by Mumia. They kept relocating to muLukaka lwa mahero.

The region of Alego usonga is Luhya basically aBanyala. It's not hard to hypothesis Usonga is derived from "Basonge"/ "bamasonge". The basonge are currently trying to reconvene. Trust me Obama is aMusonge not luo. Story for other day. Luos know how to overrun communities around them using their daughters. They are basically a matrachial society. Story for other day. My contribution & open to challenge, correction etc.

Update from WEA WhatsApp.
 
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